Control & Instrumentation Principles

Control & Instrumentation Principles
Control & Instrumentation Principles

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This trainer allows the investigation of control system principles by using a servo mechanism comprising a d.c. motor, a variety of sensors and both analogue and digital controllers. Students are also introduced to the fundamentals of transducers and signal processing. The curriculum is divided into twenty four assignments ranging from basic control concepts to more advanced topics such as transfer function analysis.


The product uses Espial software (supplied separately) in which each assignment comprises clear objectives, background, theory and experimentation. All required test instrumentation is provided within the software and includes a four-channel real-time data logger and bar-graph display, voltmeter, frequency counter and transfer function analyzer with Bode and Nyquist displays. The system comprises three items, the mechanical unit, electronic unit and a power supply. The mechanical unit is an open-board format containing a servo mechanism and support electronics. It contains a power amplifier driving a d.c. motor connected to a set of transducers and an adjustable eddy current brake. the digital encoders are of pen construction to allow visual inspection of their functionality. A dual-function LCD meter measures either voltages or rotation speed. The electronic unit comprises an open printed circuit board with front panel mimic. It contains analogue signal processing blocks, an embedded controller with USB interface, analogue to digital converters, PWM drive and the instrumentation data converters. A complete block diagram is on the front panel with access via 2 mm sockets to allow each practical to be configured rapidly and the instrumentation blocks connected. LEDs show the output signals from the digital encoders. A function generator block is provided with sine, square and triangle output signals.


  • Operational amplifiers
  • Analogue transducers
  • Motor & eddy current characteristics
  • Positive & negative feedback
  • Gain & stability
  • Velocity feedback
  • Following error
  • System time constant
  • Closed-loop position & speed control
  • Analogue controllers (PID)
  • Feed-forward systems
  • Analogue & digital conversion
  • Digital speed & position measurement
  • Absolute & incremental encoders
  • Digital controllers
  • Transfer function analysis
  • Open & closed-loop transfer functions

Components of equipment sets

1 33-033 Control & Instrumentation Principles Trainer FB
1 33-033-SW  4  ESPIAL Control & Instrumentation Principles Course Software FB
1 93-420  8  ESPIAL Software Package FB
0 additionally required: 1 PC with Windows 7 / 8.1 / 10 (x86 or x64)
Experiments are operated and evaluated with espial.
The equipment can require additional software modules.
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