Nucleophilic addition to the carbonyl group

Nucleophilic addition to the carbonyl group
Nucleophilic addition to the carbonyl group


In an addition reaction in organic chemistry, two or more molecules are joined together. This follows the scheme A + B → C. A distinction is made between a nucleophilic and an electrophilic addition reaction. The term nucleophilic or electrophilic refers to the molecule or atom that attacks the carbon chain.

Nucleophilic addition can take place on carbonyls, e.g. acetone. Nucleophiles destroy the carbonyl bond in the process. In this experiment, the students will carry out a nucleophilic addition reaction on acetone themselves and learn about the general characteristics of a nucleophilic addition.

Components of equipment sets

1 667057  4 
Test tube rack metal, 20 mm Ø LD
1 666003  4 
Pipetting ball (Peleus ball) LD
2 665997  4 
Graduated pipette 10 ml LD
1 667253  4 
Rubber stopper solid, 14...18 mm Ø LD
1 6640421  4 
Test tube Fiolax 16 mm x 160 mm LD
1 610010  8 
Laboratory safety goggles LD
1 667609  4 
Safety gloves, nitrile rubber, size 8 LD
1 6736780  4 
Sodium hydrogen sulfite solution, 40%, 250 ml LD
GHS07 Warning H302 EUH031
1 6700400  4 
Acetone, 250 ml LD
GHS02GHS07 Danger H225 H319 EUH066 H336
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