MCA box

LD 524058
MCA box
MCA box

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Description

The MCA box is part of the CASSY-S system and together with suitable detectors (e.g. NaI(Tl) scintillation counters, silicon semiconductor detectors) and in combination with Sensor-CASSY (524 013) or Pocket-CASSY (524 006, 524 018), CASSY Lab (524 220) and a computer, it constitutes a multi-channel pulse-amplitude analyser for quick and easy recording of the spectra of radioactive decay products. The interaction mechanism in the detectors generates electrical pulses of various amplitudes which are proportional to the energy loss in the detector, unlike Geiger-Müller counter tubes. These pulses are converted to equivalent numerical values and the Sensor-CASSY module adds these values together in channels which correspond to the numerical values. The resulting energy spectrum represents the probability distribution of the detected radioactive radiation as a function of the energy. Consequently, an MCA is significantly different from a single-channel analyser, which consecutively sweeps the entire spectrum using a small window (channel) and is thus less suitable for low activities. The MCA box contains a BNC input which allows the connection of external detectors, e.g. an NaJ scintillation counter (559 901) with detector output stage (559 912) or a semiconductor detector (559 921) or from (559 56) with discriminator-pre-amplifier (559 931). Additionally, their analogue output signals can be observed on an oscilloscope using a BNC-T adapter (501 091). The polarity of input signals and the amplitudes of different detectors can be adapted accordingly. The voltage supply for the discriminator pre-amplifier (559 931) and the detector output stage (559 912) can be obtained from the MCA box via a multi-pin socket. The detector output stage (559 912) allows the measurement of high voltage supply at the detector.
NaJ scintillation counters are particularly suitable for γ and β radiation, while silicon semiconductor detectors are appropriate for α and β radiation. For measurements with extremely weak radioactive sources (e.g. radioactively contaminated mushrooms, 137 Cs), the (lead) scintillator screening (559 89) with socket (559 891) can protect the scintillation counter (559 901) against the natural background radioactivity of the environment.
Use of two MCA boxes and two sensors makes it possible to conduct measurements of coincidence and anti-coincidence, so that, for example, spatial and temporal correlation of the two γ particles produced by positron disintegration in a sample of Na-22 can be demonstrated.
Older detector output stages (559 91) and (559 911) can be used with the MCA box, but they do not allow measurement of high voltage and mechanically they do not match the socket for the scintillator screening (559 891).
The CASSY Lab software (524 220) permits the recording of measurements (including high-voltage measurement), the display and evaluation of any spectra simultaneously. Energy calibration occurs with one or two known energies and can be invoked for each curve individually or for many spectra simultaneously. Integration of any spectrum sections (e.g. photographic peak), fitting for the Gaussian distribution, addition and subtraction of spectra can all be utilised for evaluation purposes.

Technical data

  • Resolution: 256 ... 2048 channels (8 ... 11 bits) per spectrum
  • Storage depth: 2x109 events per channel (31 bit)
  • Dead time: approx. 60 µs
  • Energy linearity: < 3 % of final value
  • Coincidence window: 4 µs
  • Operating limit for external sensors: 0.5 ... 5 V according to the adjustment of the attenuator, positive or negative. Internal attenuator and polarity adjustable via software.
  • High-voltage measurement up to 1.5 kV in connection with detector output stage (559 912)
  • Dimensions: 92 mm x 92 mm x 30 mm

Related Documents

PDF (Instruction Sheet) PDF (Instruction Sheet) [524 058] MCA box
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) P6.3.5.1 Recording and calibrating an X-ray energy spectrum
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) P6.3.5.2 Recording the energy spectrum of a molybdenum anode
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) P6.3.5.3 Recording the energy spectrum of a copper anode
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) P6.3.5.4 Investigation of the characteristic spectra as a function of the element's atomic number: K-lines
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.3.5.4 Investigation of the characteristic spectra as a function of the element's atomic number: K-lines
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) P6.3.5.5 Investigation of the characteristic spectra as a function of the element's atomic number: L-lines
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.3.5.5 Investigation of the characteristic spectra as a function of the element's atomic number: L-lines
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) P6.3.5.6 Energy-resolved Bragg reflection in different orders of diffraction
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.3.5.6 Energy-resolved Bragg reflection in different orders of diffraction
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) P6.3.7.2 Compton effect: Measurement the energy of the scattered photons as a function of the scattering angle
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.3.7.2 Compton effect: Measurement the energy of the scattered photons as a function of the scattering angle
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.4.1 a spectroscopy of radioactive samples
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.4.2 Determining the energy loss of a radiation in air
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.4.3 Determining the energy loss of a radiation in aluminum and in gold
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.4.4 Determining age using a Ra-226 sample
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.5.1 Detecting ? radiation with a scintillation counter
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.5.2 Recording and calibrating a ? spectrum
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.5.3 Absorption of ? radiation
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.5.4 Identifying and determining the activity of radioactive samples
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.5.5 Recording a ß spectrum with a scintillation counter
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.5.6 Coincidence and ?-? angular correlation in positron decay
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.5.7 Coincidence at ? decay of cobalt
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P6.5.6.1 Quantitative observation of the Compton effect
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) P7.5.1.1 Application of X-ray fluorescence for the non-destructive analysis of the chemical composition
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P7.5.1.1 Application of X-ray fluorescence for the non-destructive analysis of the chemical composition
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) P7.5.1.2 Determination of the chemical composition of a brass sample by X-ray fluorescence analysis
PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) PDF (Description from CASSY Lab) P7.5.1.2 Determination of the chemical composition of a brass sample by X-ray fluorescence analysis
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) C3.6.5.1 X-ray fluorescence analysis of chemical composition
PDF (Experiment description) PDF (Experiment description) C3.6.5.2 The chemical composition of a brass specimen
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