Salient pole rotor, 1.0

VE2.3.5.1
Salient pole rotor, 1.0
Salient pole rotor, 1.0

Description

The experiments are carried out with industrially manufactured machines class 1 kW. The 1 kW machines have a higher efficiency due to the lower winding resistance and come closer to an ideal machine. All test machines have a special base for connection to the Machine Test System 0.3. With the Machine Test CASSY all measured values of the AC machines are recorded. The measured values can be shown directly on the built-in display as a single value, table of a measurement series or diagram. The measurements can be made without additional software, and the measured data can be stored locally on the unit. The Machine Test CASSY is used to record the characteristic curves of the test machines. The power supply for the test machines is partly taken directly from the public supply network. The generator operation of the synchronous machine takes place in the stand-alone grid or on the interconnected grid, depending on the experiment.

Objectives

  • Protective measures and electrical safety
  • Construction and commissioning of electrical machines
  • Use of starting circuits
  • Efficiency of the machine
  • Assessment of characteristic curves of electrical machines
  • Characteristics in generator operation

The main field of application of the synchronous machine is power generation. It is also used as commutated synchronous machines in drive control. In recent years, the commutated synchronous machine has been used in e-mobility, where field control is used in addition to speed control. The field of application of the synchronous generator is very wide and ranges from car alternators to a ship's shaft generator and large power plant generators. Start-up, excitation and efficiency are investigated, as are different forms of load. In this context, the topic of power plant control is also interesting, which is dealt with in more detail in the subject area of Electrical Power Engineering. The field of application for salient pole generators is hydroelectric power stations and diesel generators, which require a high number of pole pairs at low speed.

Highlights:

  • To protect against overheating, the stator windings of the test machines are equipped with temperature detectors.
  • In case of overheating, the machine testing system switches off the load of the test machine, thus maintaining the air cooling. This prevents damage to the testing machines.
  • The test machines have a didactic terminal board with the winding diagram printed on it.
  • The ends of all the windings are led out at the terminal board at safety sockets (4 mm).
  • Computer-aided measured value acquisition provides meaningful measurement results.
  • The arrangement of the 4 mm safety sockets corresponds to the standards for industrial machines.

All functions of the Machine Test CASSY 1.0 can be operated quickly and directly via the display, the rotary wheel and the buttons on the unit. All settings and measurement results can be saved on the unit and quickly called up again later or simply downloaded.

In addition, the Machine Test CASSY 1.0 is fully controllable in real time via RJ45 Ethernet, W-LAN and USB-C interfaces.

These interfaces can be used by the following software:

  • CASSY Lab 2 for drives and energy systems,
  • MATLAB® and LabVIEW ™
  • Lab Docs Editor Advanced

Several integrated servers are available in Machine Test CASSY 1.0 for the local media connection of at least four end devices simultaneously.

For more details, see product data 7732900 or 7731901 Machine Test CASSY 1.0

The individual equipment is equally suitable for student experiments in the laboratory with low voltage (230 / 400 V three-phase current) and - with a mobile trainer - for teacher demonstration in the classroom. The experiments are carried out according to the manual.

The target group is made up of commercial apprentices and students of electrical machine construction. The course offers experiments at an intermediate level and also allows for the necessary insight into machine behaviour for scientific interpretation at undergraduate level. The media connection makes the experiments suitable for demonstration in the classroom or a lecture hall.

In the following configurations there are further extended experiments with the synchronous machine:

  • E2.3.5.2 Smooth Pole Rotor
  • E2.3.5.3 Multi-function machine

Synchronous motor topics

  • Operation with open-circuit and with a permanent three-pin steady short-circuit
  • Locus diagrams and control characteristics
  • Torque and loading
  • Synchronisation and using parallel connection
  • Starting methods for synchronous motors
  • Control of reactive power
  • Power performance

Synchronous generator topics

  • Voltage generation
  • Excitation of synchronous machines
  • Operating behaviour
  • Armature current and torque
  • Braking operation
  • Starting and synchronisation
  • Single-phase generators

Main components:

Components of equipment sets

1 773306 Synchronous machine SP, 1.0 LD
1 73214  4  Motor protection switch, 1-1.6 LD
Set-up for the machine test
1 745561  8  Power circuit breaker module LD
Machine test system 1 kW
1 7732900 Machine Test CASSY, 1.0 LD
1 524222 CASSY Lab 2 for Drives and Power Systems LD
1 7732990 Electrical dynamometer, 1.0 LD
1 773258  4  Coupling / shaft end guard, 1.0, transparent LD
1 31540  8  Weight, 2 kg LD
1 773115 Machine base bench, 120 cm LD
1 73256  4  Coupling, 1.0 LD
Extension for additional generator experiment
1 74505  4  Manual synchronisation unit LD
1 773361 Controllable resistive load, 1.0 LD
1 773363 Controllable capacitive load, 1.0 LD
1 773364 Controllable inductive load LD
Manuals:
1 775240DE  4  LIT: Synchronous machines 1.0 LD
1 775240EN  4  LIT: Synchronous Machines 1.0 LD
Power supply:
1 72675  8  Three-phase terminal unit with RCD LD
1 745021  4  Excitation voltage controller 200 V/2.5 A LD
1 72609  4  Panel frame T130, two-level LD
2 50059  8  Safety bridging plugs, black, set of 10 LD
1 500591  4  Safety bridging plugs, yellow/green, set of 10 LD
1 500855  4  Safety experiment cables, 32 A, set of 34 LD
1 500856  4  Safety experiment cables, 32 A, yellow/green, set of 5 LD

As an option for existing motors:

The following base  are options to use existing motors on site.
It's possible to use machines  with  B3 design and a 71 mm shaft  level.

The following material is available for mounting and conversion of machines with the B3 design and a 71 mm shaft  level  at LD.
1 773256  4  Assembly set el. machine base 1.0 short LD
1 773257  4  Assembly set el. machine base 1,0 long LD
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